The official hurricane season in New York aligns with the Atlantic hurricane season, which lasts from June 1 to November 30. During this period, New York is susceptible to the impacts of tropical** storms**, *tropical depressions*, or even *major hurricanes*.
Despite being on the northern periphery of the hurricane belt, New York's exposure to hurricanes is not insignificant compared to other states. Historically, significant hurricanes, such as the Long Island Express in 1938 and Hurricane Sandy in 2012, have made landfall in New York, causing widespread damage and loss of life.
Our study, based on hurricane paths dating back to 1851, offers insights into the historical frequency of tropical cyclones affecting New York.
The image shows the likelihood of experiencing a tropical cyclone on a particular day of the year. It juxtaposes the actual storm landfalls in New York with the storm pattern in the entire Atlantic basin. The raw data for this image is sourced from the NOAA Hurricane Research Division.
Areas most prone to hurricanes within New York are those along the coast, specifically Long Island, the New York City metropolitan area, and the Lower Hudson Valley.These regions are highly susceptible to hurricanes due to their geographical location and proximity to the Atlantic Ocean.
Long Island, surrounded by water on all sides, is particularly vulnerable to storm surge and flooding during hurricanes, as sea level rise worsens flooding, erosions, and storm surges. The New York City metropolitan area, with its dense population and infrastructure, is not only at risk of flooding but also potentially catastrophic damage from hurricane-force winds.
Although theLower Hudson Valley isslightly more inland, it is not immune to these threats, especially when hurricanes move northward along the coast.
To illustrate these risks, consider the following heatmap:
This map represents the frequency of hurricanes in New York, weighted by wind speed. Areas that are frequently hit by hurricanes with high wind speeds are shown in red, while areas with less frequent or less severe hurricanes are shown in blue. Hurricane Sandy
This catastrophic storm hit New York in October 2012, causing an estimated $50 billion in damage, making it the second-costliest cyclone in the United States. There were 72 direct fatalities recorded in the mid-Atlantic and northeastern United States, the highest number outside of the southern states since Hurricane Agnes in 1972. New York was one of the most affected states, with 48 deaths. The storm surge was responsible for most of the fatalities, with falling trees during the storm killing 20 people. The hurricane also caused significant damage to the local fishing industry, docks, marinas, and fish processing plants. Sandy left approximately 650,000 houses damaged or destroyed, with about 8.5 million customers losing power.
Preparation for a storm, particularly a hurricane, is of paramount importance. The proactive steps taken before the storm can significantly mitigate the impact and potential damage. Before a Hurricane
When it comes to hurricane preparedness, it is crucial to take a proactive approach. Below is a brief hurricane preparation checklist that may assist in safeguarding both life and property.
In the face of a hurricane, it is vital to take certain precautions to ensure safety. Below is a concise list of actions to follow that align with the topic of what to do during a hurricane:
Once a hurricane has passed, it is crucial to take certain steps to ensure safety and begin recovery. Here are some steps on what to do after a hurricane: